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Rm 02, 5/F., Kai Seng Commerical Centre,
4-6 Hankow Road, TST Kln, HK
(near Kowloon Hotel)
Tel: (852) 3100 0555
Fax: (852) 3100 0556

Lawrence Chow / ENT Doctor

Choosing The Best Course Of Treatment For Hypopharyngeal Cancer

Cancer is a disease that has been around for centuries, and it’s a murderer of people all around the world. Diagnosing cancer can be an arduous process, as doctors must thoroughly examine the patient to diagnose the type and severity of their cancer along with what treatments they can offer. Here take a look on the treatment options for hypopharyngeal cancer and choosing the best treatment.


Treatment options for hypopharyngeal cancer

There are a number of different treatment options to choose from for hypopharyngeal cancer. Some patients may only receive radiation therapy while others may require surgery. Others may also need chemotherapy. The treatment plan is customized based on the type of cancer, its location, and other factors like whether or not it has spread to nearby tissue.


Choosing the best treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer

The best treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer is based on the stage and type of cancer, as well as your general health. The most common treatments for hypopharyngeal cancer are radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to shrink or eliminate cells that continue to grow after surgery or other treatments. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that targets all rapidly dividing cells in the body.


Supportive care during and after treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer

If you or someone you love is diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer, it’s important to understand the many options available for treatment, including surgery and cancer-specific therapies. Make sure to consider supportive care during and after treatment as well. This can include help with eating and drinking, swallowing difficulties, and pain control.


Prognosis of Hypopharyngeal Cancer

The prognosis of hypopharyngeal cancer is typically poor. The average five-year survival rate is around 27%. However, this number may be misleading because the only people who are generally eligible for standard treatments are those with localized cancers that can be surgically removed or those whose tumors don’t obstruct the upper esophagus.


Know the side effects of each treatment course

Side effects depend on the type of treatment that is chosen. Radiation and chemotherapy can cause nausea, fatigue, and temporary hair loss. Surgery can lead to infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. Combining treatments might present risks not seen with one treatment course alone.


Know what to expect during each phase of your treatment

Your doctor will decide on the best course of treatment based on your age, the size and location of the tumor, and your overall fitness. Some treatments can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these. Treatment options depend on how serious your disease is.

Did you find the information useful? If so, continue reading our posts.


For details of our ENT services, diagnosis, and treatment, please consult our ENT specialist.



HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services





















  • 注意口腔衛生,減低病變及細菌感染機會。
  • 均衡飲食,進食新鮮有營養的食物。
  • 不抽煙,不酗酒,煙草及酒精對口腔傷害十分大。
  • 口腔及頸部出現潰爛或硬塊,就要盡快求醫。
  • 保持身心健康,壓力是眾多健康問題的大敵。
  • 如曾接受其他頭頸癌症治療的康復者,必須定期複診,因某些治療可能影響唾液腺。



如發現身體出現異常腫塊,請即聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科診所,由我們的耳鼻喉專科醫生為你診治,電話3100 0555。









Lymphoma Symptoms and Prevention

Lymphoma is a form of cancer that affects the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped collections of immune cells found in various parts of the body including under your arms, groin or near your collar bone. This article will provide tips on what are the symptoms of lymphoma, how you can prevent it and how to diagnose it if you think you have this disease.


The Symptoms of Lymphoma

Having a sore or swollen lymph node is not an accurate sign of cancer, however it can be a sign of something more serious. If you have been experiencing night sweats, weight loss, persistent cough or pain in the abdomen for more than one week, it may be time to visit your ENT doctor.


The Role of Diet in Lymphoma Prevention

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The risk for this type of cancer is very low, but it’s important to do what you can to prevent it. A healthy diet is one of the most important things you can do to lower your risk of developing lymphoma. Lifestyle factors are also important, including smoking cessation, maintaining a healthy weight, and limiting alcohol consumption.


Other Factors that Increase Risk for Lymphoma

It is important to know the risk factors that can increase your chances of getting lymphoma. These include age, race or ethnicity, family history, and exposure to other cancers such as breast cancer. Smoking and drinking alcohol can also increase the risk for this type of cancer.


Prevention of Lymphoma

In order to prevent lymphoma, you should practice good hygiene and avoid contact with people who have had the disease. You should also avoid radiation and hazardous chemicals, which can cause an increased risk of contracting lymphoma. Finally, make sure to be vaccinated. The only way to prevent lymphoma is to not smoke. Researchers have found that non-smoking adults are 10 times less likely to develop lymphoma. The risk of developing this blood cancer then decreases by 6% for every additional year that an adult doesn’t smoke. If you are a smoker, it’s even more important to stop smoking.


The Diagnosis of Lymphoma

When lymphoma becomes active, it starts to grow in the lymph nodes. The diagnosis is difficult because the disease can be localized, but it can also spread to other parts of the body. The tumor might only be millimeters in size, but cause other symptoms like weight loss or fever. If you have one or more of these symptoms, see your ENT doctor for an examination and possible blood work. The next step is to do a biopsy of the lymph nodes. The doctor will take out a small tissue sample, usually with a needle , and look at it under a microscope. If the doctor says you have lymphoma, you will probably need other tests to find out which type you have. The doctor might also do a biopsy of the tumor to find out how fast it is growing. A sample will be removed, and it will be tested to find out how fast the tumor is growing, and what kind of cells it starts from. This will help the doctor decide your treatment .


How is lymphoma treated? Once you have been diagnosed with lymphoma, your doctor will decide which kind of treatment to use. The type of treatment you receive depends on the type of lymphoma you have, how big and how fast your tumor grows, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.


Did you find the information useful? If so, continue reading our posts.


For details of our ENT services, diagnosis, and treatment, please consult our ENT specialist.




HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services































  • 男性在治療前,可跟主診醫生商議將精子預先儲存。在放射治療時,會用鉛製的保護罩覆蓋睪丸。
  • 女性在療程前,可跟主診醫生商議儲備受精卵。由於等候排卵再取出儲存需時,可能會延遲癌症治療,所以你和醫生要評估當中的風險。
  • 病人確診時已接近停經期,化療後即時停經的機會很大。病人治療時已停經,可使用荷爾蒙補充療法舒緩更年期症狀。



發現身體有異常腫塊,應立即求醫,需要協助,請聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科診所,由我們的耳鼻喉專科醫生協助你,電話3100 0555。









Facts About Thyroidectomy Surgery

It is estimated that about one in fifty people are diagnosed with thyroid cancer at some point. Many of these patients may be advised to undergo thyroidectomy surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. This article discusses the pros and cons of thyroid surgery, including things to consider when in doubt.


What is a thyroidectomy?

Thyroidectomy is surgery that involves the removal of the entire thyroid gland or parts of the gland. Indications for surgery include hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, thyroid lymphoma, and goiter.


Reasons for a thyroidectomy

There are many benefits to this surgery, for instance it is a less invasive procedure with few risks involved in comparison to other surgeries. It is most often needed for cancer. If cancer is not present, it can be done as a treatment for enlarged thyroids or benign tumors. It’s also common for hyperthyroidism.

For most people, a special diet after a thyroidectomy is not necessary. It is likely to eat softer foods and drink normally the morning after surgery.


What are the side effects of thyroid surgery?

After a total thyroidectomy, the entire thyroid gland is removed and no hormone needed to control the body’s metabolic processes is supplied. Hence, the patient will take lifelong thyroid hormone replacements. She might also have to take supplements to balance the calcium levels.

After a thyroid lobectomy, the patient needs to have her thyroid hormone levels checked and will be prescribed a thyroid hormone replacement, if needed.

In the weeks after surgery, the patient may have a temporary neck pain, soreness of the vocal chords or a weak voice.

Besides, the surgery can result in hypothyroidism, which means the patient will need to take medication for the rest of their life. The other major complication is damage to nerves or vessels during the process, leading to reduced blood flow to the vocal cords, which may cause significant voice problems. Post-operative care can also be difficult because patients are more prone to infection.

After surgery, the thyroid gland needs to be closely monitored. This is done with a series of blood tests and ultrasound scans. Thyroid hormone levels may need to be adjusted, and patients will usually need to take thyroid hormone for the rest of their lives. Patients who keep their thyros naturally active and do not have problems can take control of their health by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking supplements.


What is recovery like after thyroid surgery?

After the thyroidectomy or thyroid lobectomy, the patient may have a temporary sore throat, neck pain, difficulty swallowing or a weak voice.

Her diet will be restricted for the evening of the surgery, but generally can return to normal the next day.

Most people may return home within one day of surgery, but take off about two weeks from work to recover. It needs to refrain from heavy lifting or other tasks that can strain the neck for up to three weeks after surgery. Soaking or scrubbing the site of your incision is also discouraged for at least one week to allow it time to properly heal. Showering is generally allowed after about one day.

Pain at the site of the incision will improve after a few days but may continue for a week.

Did you find the information useful? If so, continue reading our posts.


For details of our ENT services, diagnosis, and treatment, please consult our ENT specialist.



HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services






  • 以一種或幾種藥物進行化療,輔以單株抗體(標靶),在單株抗體(標靶)裡加入放射標記,加強對癌細胞的辨認能力。
  • 如癌腫瘤只在局部或小範圍出現,則可應用放射治療。








  • 以單株抗體(標靶)為主治,結合化療
  • 再進行自體細胞移植,從病人體內抽取幹細胞進行培植,再植回病人的身體。




  • 「化學治療」是利用癌細胞分裂較正常細胞快的特性,用化療藥物來殺死癌細胞。治療淋巴癌的化療藥物種類較其他癌症多,視乎腫瘤的類別和期數選擇適合的藥物,一般通過靜脈注射將化療藥注入病人體內,藥物隨血液運行全身尋找癌細胞發動攻擊。


  • 「放射治療」是針對位置集中的癌變淋巴結,利用放射集中刹滅癌細胞。之後再將可能遊走到身體其他部位的癌細胞也一併清除。


  • 「單株抗體」就是標靶治療,由於癌細胞很狡滑,它懂得偽裝成一般細胞,令免疫系統難以辨別。單株抗體用的是人工抗體,能夠拆穿癌細胞的偽裝而進行攻擊。









  • 於注射藥前預先服止噁心或嘔吐藥
  • 兩個療程之間停藥數星期,讓血球數回復正常,讓病人精神有所提升。
  • 療程開始後,注射皮下生長因子協助白血球數量回升。
  • 病人要注意日常起居飲食衞生等。



若發現身體有異常腫塊,應立即求醫,需要協助,請聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科診所,由我們的耳鼻喉專科醫生協助你,電話3100 0555。









Choosing The Right Treatment For Your Child’s Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Cancer is a word that strikes fear into the hearts of many people, but the reality is that the majority of cancer cases are curable. In this article, we’ll be exploring several different treatment options for childhood nasopharyngeal cancer and how to choose the right one for your child.


What is nasopharyngeal cancer?

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a rare type of cancer that begins in the upper part of the throat, or nasopharynx. It’s often caused by infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) but can also be caused by other viruses, chemicals, and even radiation. These cancers are usually found at an early stage because they often cause symptoms like stuffy nose, sore throat, hoarseness, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. It is more common in teens than in children younger than 10 years of age.


Treatment Option Overview

There are different types of treatment for children with nasopharyngeal cancer. Some are standard treatment currently used, and some are being tested in clinical trials to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments.


Four types of standard treatment:

  1. Chemotherapy

It is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.


  1. Radiation therapy

It is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.


  1. Surgery

Surgery is used to remove the tumor if the tumor has not spread throughout the nasal cavity and throat at the time of diagnosis. If a mass is small, it can be removed with an endoscope, a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera at the end. If it’s larger, a surgeon will make an incision in the skin. The mass may be removed in pieces with a very small tool and then put back together.


  1. Immunotherapy

It is a type of biologic therapy treatment that uses the patient’s immune system to fight cancer. Several types of immunotherapy are being used to treat children with nasopharyngeal cancer:

(1) Interferon may stop cancer cells from growing and it may also help kill cancer cells.

(2) EBV-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes are a type of immune cell that can kill certain cells, including foreign cells, cancer cells, and cells infected with the Epstein-Barr virus. They are being studied to treat refractory or recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer.

(3) Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy blocks certain proteins. PD-1 is a protein on the surface of T cells that helps keep the body’s immune responses in check. PD-L1 is a protein found on some types of cancer cells. When PD-1 attaches to PD-L1, it stops the T cell from killing the cancer cell. PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors keep PD-1 and PD-L1 proteins from attaching to each other. This allows the T cells to kill cancer cells. Pembrolizumab and nivolumab are types of PD-1 inhibitors that have been used to treat adults with refractory nasopharyngeal cancer and may be considered to treat children.


The right treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer will depend on the size of the cancer, how fast it’s growing, and where it’s located. The most common treatments are surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy with radiation therapy, or radiation therapy alone. More uncommon treatments include stem-cell transplantation.

Usually, treatment of newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal cancer in children may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy followed by chemotherapy and external radiation therapy given at the same time. Interferon may also be given.
  • Chemotherapy followed by external radiation therapy.
  • Surgery to remove the tumor.


Side effects that go away after treatment include:

Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of many different medicines and treatments. These side effects may lessen after the child finish treatment.

Pain, sore pink skin, bleeding and swelling are also common side effects of radiation therapy. These side effects usually go away after treatment ends.


Considerations when choosing a treatment for a child

Children are typically not able to make decisions related to their treatment. In order to make a decision, you will need to consult with your child’s team of doctors and therapists. You will also need to take into account the location of the tumor as this can affect the type of treatment that is available. Depending on the severity of treatment, you may be able to take it back home with you.

Did you find the information useful? If so, continue reading our posts.


For details of our ENT services, diagnosis, and treatment, please consult our ENT specialist.




HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services












  • 若沒有任何症狀,可選擇只定期檢查和監察,待有明顯症狀才治療。
  • 某些淋巴結出現癌細胞,採用放射治療。
  • 化療和放射治療合併使用,防止癌細胞隨淋巴結擴散至身體其他部位。
  • 單獨用單株抗體治療,或配合化療使用。




  • 沒有任何症狀,可選擇定期檢查和監察。
  • 使用化學治療。
  • 單獨用單株抗體(標靶),或配合化療並用。





  • 化療與單株抗體(標靶)配合使用,迅速將癌腫縮小。
  • 化療後再接受放射治療作跟進治療。
  • 如果癌細胞已侵犯腦部或預見有此風險,要在腦脊液注入化療藥物。





發現身體出現異常嗎?應立即求醫,需要協助,請聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科診所,由我們的耳鼻喉專科醫生協助你,電話3100 0555。









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註: 本站提及的疾病和治療方法僅供讀者參考,並不代表本站推薦該種療法,亦不能代替專業醫生診治,讀者如有需要,應該尋求專業醫生意見。