Diagnosing Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancers
Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancers are more common in people over the age of 55 and it is more prevalent in men than in women. Proper diagnosis is necessary for early detection and immediate treatment to increase potential survival rate.
Initial Physical Exam and Medical History Check
The first step towards proper diagnosis is a physical exam and rundown of a patient’s medical history. More attention will be given to the nose and the sinuses in search of how possible symptoms are affecting the area such as the following:
A nasal endoscopy may also become necessary. This is a procedure where a small tube, equipped with a flashlight and camera, is inserted into the nasal cavity for direct observation.
If there is a suspicion of nasasl cavity and paranasal sinus cancer growth then the patient will be directed to an ENT doctor (also known as an otolaryngologist).
There are several imaging techniques to achieve a visual representation of the affected area. These imaging tests are not used for diagnosis but are instead used to determine if the cancer has spread, if treatment is effective, for signs of cancer re-occurrence after treatment, and to look for a suspected tumor.
A biopsy is a procedure where a small portion of tissue is cut off and taken into the lab for further testing. This is often the procedure required to determine the growth rate of the cancer cells and to determine what kind of cancer it is, how aggressive it is, and how it should be treated.
A biopsy is also the main key in diagnosing a patient since it gives the most accurate data regarding his or her condition.
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