香港耳鼻喉專科

HK ENT Specialist

Contact Us

5/F., Kai Seng Commercial Centre,
4-6 Hankow Road,
TST Kln, HK
(near Kowloon Hotel)
Tel: (852) 3100 0555
Fax: (852) 3100 0556
Email:: info@hkentspecialist.hk

ENT Knowledge Base (Chinese)

ENT Knowledge Base

The Problem with Mucus and Postnasal Drip

When you have a cold, you certainly can’t fail to notice that you have a problem with mucus in your nose. What you may not know is that the human body produces mucus everyday, even when you’re not sick. Mucus is produced in the linings of your nose airways, throat, stomach, and intestinal tract. So much mucus is produced that your nose alone is response for about a quart of it each day.

 

Having mucus in these areas isn’t actually a bad thing. The body produces mucus as part of its defense system. Mucus traps and helps destroy invaders like viruses and bacteria before they can do damage and cause infection.

A Runny Nose and Postnasal Drip

So you may not notice that you have mucus in your nose during most days. The mucus can mix with your saliva, and this can go down the back of your throat without causing any trouble.

 

But you will notice it when you have a medical condition like a cold and there’s so much more of it than usual or it’s thicker than normal. If there’s so much of it that it starts to run out of your nostrils, then you have a runny nose. But it’s called a postnasal drip when the excess mucus runs down the back of your nose and into your throat.

Consequences

What happens when you have postnasal drip? When you have this problem, it feels like something is obstructing your throat and you tend to want to clear your throat constantly. This can lead to a cough, which can get worse during the night. Postnasal drip is in fact one of the more common causes of stubborn cough that won’t go away. When you have too much mucus running down the back of your throat, you may cough a lot and you’ll feel hoarse. You can end up with a sore throat.

 

The mucus you swallow can also obstruct your Eustachian tube, which connects your middle ear to your throat. This can lead to an ear infection, which can get very painful. If those passages become clogged, you can also get a sinus infection.

Causes of Postnasal Drip and Potential Treatments

Excessive mucus that can lead to postnasal drip can be caused by many potential conditions. The specific cause can determine the right treatment for the problem.

 

These possible causes can include the following:

 

  • Allergies , also called allergic postnasal drip
  • Certain foods most especially spicy dishes
  • Certain medications, including blood pressure medications and birth control pills
  • Changing weather, cold temperatures, or really dry air
  • Colds
  • A deviated septum, which refers to the crooked placement of the wall that separates the two nostrils
  • The flu
  • Fumes from irritants like smoke, perfumes, chemicals, or cleaning products
  • An object stuck in the nose which can happen with children
  • Pregnancy
  • Sinus infection or sinusitis

Once the cause has been determined by your ENT doctor, the appropriate treatment can then be suggested. If you suffer an ENT problem, it is suggested to consult an ENT doctor for the appropriate ENT services. Please contact us for an appointment of our ENT services and consulation at 3100 0555.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

究竟哮喘病人可以做運動嗎?哮喘病人做運動需注意什麼?

“我就讀小六的兒子,一直悶悶不樂,越來越不開心。因為自小有哮喘病,他不能上體育課,不許踏單車、跑步、游水,實際上,我是禁止他做任何形式的運動,原因只有一個,就是怕運動會誘發他的哮喘病。" – – 陳太說

 

 

運動真的會誘發哮喘病發?哮喘病人可以做運動嗎?

耳鼻喉專科醫生指出部份哮喘患者在運動後哮喘發作,主要是患者本身的哮喘未受控制。正常呼吸時,鼻腔會將吸入的空氣變暖加濕,不讓氣管因冷空氣而受刺激。但人在運動時,我們會用口吸入大量的空氣,在沒有經過鼻腔的過濾,這些被大量吸入的空氣若是寒冷或乾燥,就容易刺激到氣管。哮喘病人的氣管本身較敏感,寒冷或乾燥的空氣,令到繞着支氣管周圍的肌肉痙攣收縮,患者繼而出現咳嗽、氣緊、喘鳴並誘發哮喘。因此,哮喘患者是可以運動的,但若病情未受控制,就不要進行劇烈運動。

 

 

怎樣判斷哮喘是否受控,可以做運動?

有些哮喘病患者可能因最近沒有發病,或沒有額外看醫生、入急症或住院,就以為病情好轉而自行停藥或減藥。這樣做是危險的,因為哮喘有否完全受控,不僅看單一情況,而是要達到一定的指標,耳鼻喉科醫生指出這些指標包括:

  • 哮喘完全沒有發作
  • 不影響日常生活
  • 晚上睡覺不會有氣緊
  • 一週內的早晨不需用多過2次短效氣管擴張劑
  • 肺功能沒有減弱跡象。

 

 

哮喘病人運動須知

經常運動對於控制多種疾病,包括哮喘都有好處,只要控制好風險,配合得宜,做適合哮喘患者的運動,就不用擔心運動會誘發哮喘。下列是一些可參考的運動方法:

  • 每周累積最少150分鐘的中等強度帶氧運動,如急步行、跳舞等
  • 每周最少2天做肌肉強化活動,如橡筋帶、舉啞鈴等。
  • 久未運動要循序漸進,先做較輕鬆的運動,適應後才開始增加運動量。不要突然做一些平日不會做的運動,這容易哮喘突發。
  • 運動前使用短效氣管擴張劑,運動中途也可重覆使用。
  • 運動前必須做足夠的熱身,預備結束時,要慢慢停下來,切忌急速停下。
  • 天氣太寒冷或空氣污濁時,不要進行戶外運動。
  • 定時使用哮喘藥物,不要自行减藥,運動時如出現氣喘,表示哮喘仍未受控制,必須聯絡主診醫生調較藥物。
  • 即使哮喘看來受控,但若患上感冒,就不要做運動,要好好休息。因為身體過勞會令免疫力下降。

 

 

怎樣控制哮喘?

除體能鍛鍊外,正確的呼吸運動對治療哮喘亦有幫助。部份哮喘患者可能出現呼吸過速、焦慮,可針對做呼吸運動訓練,包括呼吸協調運動及呼吸肌肉訓練,集中訓練用鼻及橫膈膜肌肉來調控呼吸,減少過度換氣及過度充氣,呼吸肌肉強化亦會減少氣喘。

 

 

如果你有哮喘的病徵,例如喘鳴、咳嗽及呼吸困難,病徵有惡化的情況或感到體力下降,或是患有其他心腦血管疾病,運動前請先徵詢你主診醫生的意見。如你需要協助,請即聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科,由我們的耳鼻喉專科醫生為你診治。電話: 3100 0555

 

 

資料來源:

香港耳鼻喉專科

提供耳鼻喉科服務、頭及頸外科服務

聽力及言語治療、驗配助聽器服務

人工耳蝸植入、睡眠障礙治療

面部整形治療、醫學美容服務

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

耳朵為何會濕疹?濕疹入耳會影響聽力嗎?

"最近耳朵經常痕癢,原先是耳背周圍的皮膚,接著是耳前耳廓和耳珠,現在連耳道裏也痕得要命。同事說是濕疹,但我本身沒有濕疹,何來耳朵濕疹呢?我對她的說話雖感到疑惑,但經醫生診斷後,我的耳朵確實是患了濕疹。”  – – 李小姐

 

 

雖然李小姐對於自己患濕疹感到疑惑,但耳鼻喉科醫生指出,耳朵濕疹其實很普遍,患者以成年女性居多,佔80%,這也許跟女士較多使用護髮和美容產品有關。耳朵濕疹易復發,痕癢加上爛耳,對患者造成很大的困擾。

 

耳朵濕疹的成因是什麼?

耳朵濕疹有什麼症狀?

耳朵濕疹如何醫治?

如何避免及減低耳朵濕疹復發?

 

 

耳朵濕疹的成因是什麼?

  • 導致耳朵濕疹的致敏原相信與患者日常接觸的化學品有關,例如洗髮、護髮產品、染髮劑及化妝品,還有長頭髮或配戴金屬飾物等,這些產品中有一些化學物質或成為誘發耳朵濕疹的元凶,因此耳朵濕疹不受季節影響,可隨時發生。
  • 如果耳道長時間入水(例如游泳),耳道內抑制細菌的酸鹼度失衡,細菌易生滋生。挖耳或耳燭可弄損耳道皮膚,也有機會誘發耳朵濕疹。
  • 由於濕疹異常痕癢,患者一般難以忍手,於是不斷用手或挖耳工具挖抓耳朵,結果反而刺激耳道皮膚,加劇過敏反應,如果挖損了皮膚,細菌亦有機可乘加劇病情。

 

 

耳朵濕疹有什麼症狀?

  • 主要症狀是耳朵痕癢,先是耳殼、耳背摺位及耳洞周圍。
  • 一惻或兩側耳朵發濕疹,但身體其他部位,例如手、腳則不一定會有濕疹出現。
  • 濕疹可迅速惡化,令耳朵滲水或滲血,甚至因發炎而出現流膿等症狀。
  • 耳殼及耳洞的皮膚腫痛發炎,病人因極度痕癢而無法入睡。
  • 病況嚴重可使病人的耳道收窄,影響聽力下降。

 

 

耳朵濕疹如何醫治?

  • 目前仍未有完全根治濕疹的方法,透過藥物能有效控制病情,例如使用口服抗敏藥及外用藥膏塗抹。90%患者塗上含類固醇的皮膚藥膏後,數日內病情有好轉。
  • 如耳朵已出現嚴重感染,並大量脫皮阻塞耳道,耳鼻喉專科醫生會先將死皮清走,再處方抗生素,治療期或需2-3星期。

 

 

如何避免及減低耳朵濕疹復發?

  • 避開致敏原可減低耳朵濕疹發病。
  • 避免用手指、棉花棒或硬物挖耳,也不要使用耳道清潔劑,因為耳道經常潮濕,會令霉菌有機可乘。
  • 有些人濕疹徵狀輕微,沒意識到自己有過敏症,如果經常感到耳朵痕癢或有異物入內的感覺,應找耳鼻喉醫生做致敏源測試,確定有否因過敏。
  • 耳朵持續痕癢是濕疹發作的先兆,及早看醫生並塗抺類固醇藥膏,可減輕濕疹病發的程度。

 

 

若耳朵出問題,不要胡亂買藥滴入耳,因為錯用藥物可能引起其他問題。請即聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科,由我們的耳鼻喉專科醫生為你診治。電話: 3100 0555

 

 

資料來源:

香港耳鼻喉專科

提供耳鼻喉科服務、頭及頸外科服務

聽力及言語治療、驗配助聽器服務

人工耳蝸植入、睡眠障礙治療

面部整形治療、醫學美容服務

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

耳朵為何會發霉?霉菌入耳會損害聽力嗎?

"幾天前開始覺得耳朵悶悶的,好似有一層隔膜擋著耳朵,而且感到痕癢。心想可能是耳垢阻塞,於是用棉花棒挖耳。但幾天過去,情況沒好轉,除了痕癢還感到耳痛。用手指輕輕拭一下耳朵,發覺有些黏手的液體從耳道流出,大驚之下立立即求診耳鼻喉科專科醫生,結果是我的耳朵發霉….。" — 方小姐自述

 

 

大家也許會很奇怪耳朵也會發霉嗎?究竟是什麼回事?耳鼻喉科專科醫生指出,耳朵發霉是常見病例,外耳道炎病例中就有3成是由霉菌引起的。霉菌引起的不適程度會較細菌感染為輕,因而病情容易延誤,損害聽力。

 

 

耳朵為什麼會發霉?

霉菌是真菌類別,跟其他的微生物一樣,存在於四周圍的環境裏。香港天氣温暖潮濕,春夏兩季更是潮濕多雨,整天濕漉漉,這種天氣正是霉菌最喜歡的。我們的耳道處於這樣潮濕的環境下,只要有霉菌走入耳朵,就可在耳道內生長細小的菌菇,令耳道發霉誘發耳炎。

 

 

霉菌如何走入耳道?

本身潮濕溫暖的耳道已合霉菌的胃口,如果再加上一些懷習慣,霉菌就能以此為媒介進入我們的耳道,不想霉菌在耳內繁殖,請留意耳鼻喉醫生下列的建議:

 

  • 耳道不能完全沒有耳垢,因為耳垢是耳朵自然分泌出來保護耳道的物質,如果常常挖耳清除耳垢,就等如將耳道的防護膜徹去,令霉菌有機可乘;
  • 耳道也不能太多耳垢,太多的耳垢會積壓著耳道的皮膚,為霉菌進駐造就有利環境;
  • 耳道不能潮濕,游水或耳仔經常入水的人,要留意保持耳朵清楚乾爽,因為霉菌最喜歡潮濕的環境;
  • 不要挖耳,耳挖隨了容易時刮傷耳道皮膚,增加受霉菌感染的風險。另外,霉菌也可能通過挖耳的工具進入耳道;
  • 控制好濕疹,濕疹會令皮膚分泌大量的分泌物,這會增加霉菌入侵耳道的機會;
  • 保持皮膚的酸鹼度平衡,人體皮膚上存在著各種的微生物,正常情況下是互為平衡,不過當酸度失衡,某些霉菌就特別容易滋生,例如耳仔入水就會影響到耳道皮膚的酸鹼度,令霉菌有機可乘。

 

 

耳朵發霉有什麼症狀?對聽力有什麼影響?

通常會感到耳朵痕癢、耳悶,繼而耳痛、耳道流出黏液,另有些患者會頭暈、耳廓腫脹等情況。如果霉菌發展迅速,可以在發病幾天內就侵蝕患者的耳膜,對於長期病患者,由於本身的抵抗低,或長期服用抗生素,霉菌對這類病人的傷害就更大,可以侵蝕他們耳內的軟組織,不單影響聽力受損,嚴重的還影響面部神經而併發面癱。

 

 

耳朵發霉如何治療?

治療霉菌感染,首要先清除耳內的菌絲和菌菇,然後再用抗真菌藥物,才能徹底消滅耳內的霉菌。要是已傷及耳膜或面部神經,就需要在消除霉菌後再為病人進行修補耳膜和其他治療。

 

 

由此可見,霉菌的刹傷力不容小覷,它可在短時間內傷及耳膜和中耳,導致聽力受損。若感耳朵不適,聽力下降,不要自行胡亂用藥,請聯絡香港耳鼻喉專科協助。電話: 3100 0555

 

 

資料來源:

香港耳鼻喉專科

提供耳鼻喉科服務、頭及頸外科服務

聽力及言語治療、驗配助聽器服務

人工耳蝸植入、睡眠障礙治療

面部整形治療、醫學美容服務

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

Things To Know About Acute Suppurative Otitis Media

Acute otitis media is a common infection in children, and it’s a treatable one. But it can develop into more serious forms of infection like acute suppurative otitis media. Here’s basic information that every parent should know in order to seek medical attention for their children’s middle ear infection as soon as possible.

 

 

General Definitions

First off, otitis media is the inflammation of the middle ear wherein fluid becomes trapped in it. This is typically a result of the flu, the common cold, and other respiratory conditions wherein the Eustachian tube swells resulting in fluid buildup. Adults rarely get it but it’s a common condition in children, especially in younger ones.

 

 

Its common symptoms include:

  • Earache, often accompanied by tugging and pulling at the affected ear to relieve the discomfort or pain
  • Clear fluid in the ears
  • Fever of 100°od higher
  • Restlessness and/or fussiness
  • Irritability

 

 

According to the ICD-9-CM code assignment, otitis media is classified into:

  • Acute otitis media refers to the sudden and severe onset of the infection, which can be caused by either bacteria or virus
  • Chronic otitis media pertains to a prolonged infection lasting for several weeks with little to no sign of clearing up. It may be caused to the buildup of fluid behind the eardrum resulting from repeated infections.
  • Suppurative otitis media is characterized by fluid buildup accompanied by the formation of pus in the middle ear.
  • Non-suppurative otitis media doesn’t have push formation.

 

 

With this in mind, acute suppurative otitis media is the sudden and severe onset of viral or bacterial infection in the middle ear accompanied by the buildup of pus. From the description alone, parents are understandably worried about its complications, especially with delayed treatment. The middle ear, after all, is a fragile part and infections in it should be addressed promptly.

 

 

Differentiation Between Suppurative and Secretory Otitis Media

There’s another differentiation between these types of otitis media. In acute suppurative otitis media, the purulent fluid contains pathogenic bacteria that contributes to the spread of the infection and the worsening of the symptoms. In fact, the only positive way to diagnose the infection is through the aspiration of the fluid but it must also be emphasized that it’s rarely necessary for its initial diagnosis and treatment.

 

 

In secretory otitis media, the fluid usually doesn’t contain pathogenic bacteria and viruses. The fluid can be one of two types: first, serous, a fluid with a thin quality and a straw color; and second, mucoid, a fluid with a thick consistency and a translucent gray color.

 

 

The differentiation between the different types of otitis media is important because there will be differences in each one’s treatment and management.  With acute suppurative otitis media, for example antibiotics will be definitely necessary to stop the growth of bacteria.

 

 

If your child has the ENT issue, it is suggested to consult an ENT Specialist for the appropriate ENT services. HK ENT Specialist Ltd. is a professional Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre for ENT Services. Please call us and make an appointment at 3100 0555.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

Side Effects Of Surgical Removal Of Thyroid Mass

The removal of a thyroid mass via surgery is an oft-recommended treatment for the malignant growth. But it has its risks, too, including side effects that affect a patient’s ability to talk, chew and swallow, as well as your activity levels and mood. In most cases, nonetheless, patients will feel better a couple of weeks after surgery; some people may take a longer time to recover.

 

 

Talk to your ENT doctor about these side effects and possible coping measures in your case. You may also talk to fellow patients but set realistic expectations as what may have worked well for them may not work so well for you.

 

 

Eating and Drinking Issues

Due to the throat surgery, you will have difficulty in swallowing because of the swelling in the area. You may find, too, that it’s painful to swallow even fluids like water, a temporary difficulty lasting for a few days. But you may also be able to drink or eat normally within several hours after the surgery depending on the technique used by your surgeon.

 

 

Even when you’re finding it difficult to swallow, you should eat nutritious foods and drinks to aid in your faster recovery. Your doctor will formulate a diet plan that will meet your nutrition needs at every stage of your treatment and recovery. You may, for example, start with soft foods after surgery and with small yet frequent meals.

 

 

Of course, it’s important to eat a balanced diet filled with nutritious food like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy fats, among others. Your body will require good nutrition for a full post-surgery recovery and for beating cancer.

 

 

Physical Effects

In some cases, thyroid surgery affects the voice box particularly its nerves although it’s often a temporary effect and it improves over time. Your voice may sound weak or hoarse for a few days, perhaps a few weeks, afterwards.

 

 

You may experience discomfort or pain in the incision site, too. You can ask your doctor for pain medication, which will contribute to your overall well-being and faster recovery.

 

 

Due to the position you were placed in during surgery, you may wake up with a stiff neck and back, a temporary side effect, too. You can ask for a massage or physiotherapy to relieve these symptoms, as well as use a triangle-shaped pillow designed for optimum neck support.

 

 

And then there’s the issue of scarring on the incision site. You may observe a 5-centimeter to 7-centimeter long horizontal scar above your collarbone; your doctor will choose a natural skin crease to hide, so to speak, the incision site.

 

 

Don’t worry if the incision site looks red because it will fade in time and become less noticeable. You should keep the incision area moisturized, perhaps use a special tape to facilitate faster healing.

 

 

Keep in mind, too, that these side effects may seem unbearable in the short-term period but these are temporary. The possible long-term reward of remission should be enough reward.

 

 

HK ENT Specialist Ltd. is a Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre offering ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy, Sleep Disordered Breathing Management, Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services. If you have ENT problem, it is suggested to call us to make an appointment for the appropriate ENT services.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

Q&A About Parotid Gland Cancer

Parotid gland cancer accounts for majority –about 85% – of all cases of salivary gland tumors.  Emphasis must be made, furthermore, that not all parotid tumors are malignant – only about 25% are cancerous. As a type of salivary gland tumor, parotid gland cancer is rare.

 

 

Where Does It Occur?

The salivary glands produce saliva, an essential substance in the digestive process as well as in supporting good oral health and in keeping the mouth moist. These are classified into three major types located under and behind the jaw – sublingual, submandibular, and parotid. There are also small salivary glands in other parts of the mouth and throat.

 

 

The parotid glands are the largest of these three major types of salivary glands. These are located in front of the ears, one on each side of the head.

 

 

What Should You Be Aware Of?

 

Parotid tumors cause multiple symptoms including:

 

  • Lump on or near your jaw
  • Lump in your mouth or neck
  • Persistent pain in the area
  • Burning or tingling sensation
  • Muscle weakness on one side of your face
  • Numbness on one part of your face
  • Loss of facial movement
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Difficulty in opening your mouth widely

 

 

The mass in your mouth, jaw, or neck may or may not be painful but it’s important to have it checked by your ENT doctor regardless. With a malignant parotid tumor, the facial nerves are also affected resulting in the pain, muscle weakness, and loss of facial movement.

 

 

We must emphasize, however, that a mass or lump near your salivary gland doesn’t mean that it’s cancerous. There are many non-cancerous medical conditions that can cause swelling in the salivary glands, such as a stone in their ducts or an infection in the glands.

 

 

Who Is At High Risk?

Risk factors refer to the conditions that can increase the risk of developing a certain disease or disorder. But take note that having one or more risk factor doesn’t mean that you will definitely develop the illness – there are many factors that come into play in disease and disorder development.

 

 

The risk factors for parotid gland cancer are:

 

  • Older age with most patients being older adults; salivary gland tumors, however, can happen at any age
  • Radiation exposure, an ironic thing considering that radiation therapy is used in the treatment of head and neck cancers
  • Exposure to certain substances in the workplace, such as asbestos and rubber used in mining, plumbing and manufacturing

 

 

If your ENT doctor suspects parotid gland cancer, you will undergo several diagnostic exams. These usually include a thorough physical exam to check for lumps in your jaw, neck and throat, a biopsy to determine whether it’s malignant or benign, and imaging tests like MRI and CT scan.

 

 

Parotid gland cancer is treatable with the treatment options including parotidectomy, a surgical operation to remove the parotid gland either partially or completely, and radiotherapy. Chemotherapy hasn’t been proven effective in its treatment.

 

 

HK ENT Specialist Ltd. is a Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre offering ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy, Sleep Disordered Breathing Management, Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services. If you have ENT problem, it is suggested to call us to make an appointment for the appropriate ENT services.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

Tongue Cancer Treatment: Choose It Wisely And Prepare For It Well

Making smart choices in your tongue cancer treatment can be difficult for many reasons. The stress, anxiety and anger that come with the diagnosis of cancer can cloud your judgment, even reinforce your feelings of helplessness and hopelessness.

 

 

While it’s a difficult process, you have to be an active partner with your ENT doctor and support network in choosing the best treatments in your case. You have, in fact, the primary responsibility in this regard since it’s your mind, body and life.

 

 

Making Your Choice

From the medical perspective, your treatment plan will be affected by several factors including:

 

  • The type, location and size of the tumor (e.g., on the visible part of the tongue or at its base)
  • The spread of the cancer, if any
  • The symptoms, reactions and side effects that you have experienced with prior treatments
  • Your age, general health, and medical history

 

 

From your personal perspective, you may have ambivalent feelings about the treatment plan recommended by your doctor. You may, for example, feel that everything’s happening too slow or too fast, a valid feeling because it’s your body.

 

 

You should then check with your ENT doctor about the right timing for your treatment, especially as you can listen to your body’s signals. You can take as much time as possible before making your decision unless, of course, time is of the essence in beating tongue cancer.

 

 

Making your choice should also be based on a deeper understanding of the disease, even when it doesn’t equal the knowledge of your oncologist. At the very least, you should know the available treatments, their pros and cons, and their side effects and complications. You may also want to discuss these matters with your family and friends who can provide emotional and spiritual support.

 

 

Most importantly, you have the right as a patient to accept or refuse any or all treatments offered. Your doctor can only provide medical advice but cannot impose his professional judgment on a patient.

 

 

The treatment options in tongue cancer includes surgical excision of the tumor, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy, and chemotherapy. These are typically combined, such as in radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

 

 

Preparing for Treatment

Regardless of your treatment plan, you should prepare for it in the physical and mental sense. Keep in mind that you will get worse before you can get better with anti-cancer treatments. Radiation therapy, for example, can seriously affect the functioning of your mouth, gums and teeth.

 

 

Before your treatment starts, you should consider:

 

  • Seeing an oral medicine specialist or a dentist for the appropriate dental work before and after the treatment. Your dentist may pull out unhealthy teeth before your radiation therapy.
  • Adopting healthy lifestyle habits that will affect your mind and body’s preparedness for surgery and other therapies. These include starting an exercise program, stopping smoking, and preparing your mind for the journey ahead.

 

 

You may feel that your recovery from tongue cancer isn’t in your control but it is! You just have to see where you can have control and grab it. For details of the treatment, it is suggested to consult an ENT Specialist.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

Treating a Tonsil or Adenoid Inflammation or Infection

Unless you were a very healthy child, there’s a good chance that you’ve missed a few days of school when you were little because of tonsilitis or adenoiditis. These conditions are fairly common in young kids as these body parts tend to shrink and disappear as a child get older. They’re pretty much the baby versions of sore throat that need immediate action.

 

 

What is a Tonsil or Adenoid Inflammation or Infection?

Tonsillitis or the inflammation or infection of the tonsils is the condition where the soft tissue mass in the throat becomes inflamed and infected. It’s characterized by some swelling and redness.

 

 

Adenoiditis, on the other hand, is the inflammation or infection of the adenoids or the lymphocyte-containing tissue at the back of your nasal cavity. It’s also characterized by swelling and redness.

 

 

Both the tonsils and adenoids serve protective purposes. As they both contain lymphocytes or the white blood cells that fight off bacterial and viral infections, they can really help keep the body in top shape. However, they’re not completely bulletproof which is why they also get infected. Both conditions are more common in children but can also be experienced by adults, especially tonsillitis.

 

 

Adenoiditis, however, is said to be more noticeable in children. Aside from being more common in children than adults, it can also block nasal passages, making its urgent treatment necessary.

 

 

Common Causes of Tonsillitis and Adenoiditis

As mentioned above, both conditions are caused by bacterial and viral infections. What causes these infections, on the other hand, is the patient’s exposure to allergens and pollutants.

 

 

Risk Factors of Tonsillitis and Adenoiditis

Because these conditions are brought by bacterial and viral infections, it can also cause more complications if not treated effectively. In many cases, it leads to sleep apnea or breathing difficulties in one’s sleep. It also causes snoring which can be disruptive to the patient and their bed partner’s sleep.

 

 

In some occasions, both conditions can also lead to upper respiratory tract infection. The bacteria or virus that caused the ailments can travel down the throat and wreak havoc elsewhere. This can then lead to more serious problems later on.

 

 

Signs and Symptoms

How can you tell if you or your little one has any of these conditions? Here are a few of its symptoms:

  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Red and swollen tonsils
  • Swollen and tender lymph nodes under the jaw
  • Head and ear ache
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Bad breath
  • Snoring

 

 

Treating Tonsil or Adenoid Inflammation or Infection

Treating both conditions are pretty straightforward. In most cases, you only really need to treat it with antibiotics. It’s important to complete the cycle, however, to prevent the recurrence of the infection.

 

 

In chronic cases, however, your ENT doctor might recommend the removal of the said body parts altogether. Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies are considered as minor procedures, however, so you don’t have to worry much about them. They might not even require hospitalization but in some cases, an overnight stay might be needed.

 

 

As ENT problem is quite different from case to case, it is suggested to consult an ENT Specialist for the appropriate ENT services.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

Frequent Throat Clearing Might Be a Sign of A More Serious Condition

For some reason, throat-clearing is one of the most effective ways to grab people’s attention. One ‘ahem’ and all eyes and ears are on some folks. This is why frequent throat-clearing can be a pet peeve of some. Unfortunately, it can also be a sign of a serious condition.

 

 

If you often experience some hoarseness in your throat that prompts you to clear them every now and then, you might want to check this out.

 

 

Reasons for Frequent Throat-Clearing

There are tons of reasons why some people are compelled to clear their throat very often. Usually, it’s a symptom of a more serious condition like the following:

 

 

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR)

Also known as silent reflux, this condition pushes up stomach matter to your throat which makes it uncomfortable and makes you clear your throat several times. It’s a lot like acid reflux but it doesn’t usually cause heartburn so it’s less noticeable. The only telltale sign, really, of this condition is the fact that it causes frequent throat-clearing.

 

 

Tourette syndrome

Excessive throat-clearing can also be a manifestation of the neurological disorder known as the Tourette syndrome. This condition causes physical tics and vocal outbursts of various kinds.

 

 

Allergies

Food allergies can also make you want to clear your throat often. Sometimes, the residue of the food you’ve eaten can tickle your throat which will then prompt you to clear it often.

 

 

Postnasal drip

This condition is caused by the body’s excess production of mucus which can then drip down your throat from the back of your nose. It can then create a discomfort in your throat which will then make you clear your throat every so often.

 

 

In most occasions, postnasal drips are caused by allergies, viral and sinus infections, cold weather, pregnancy, spicy food, dry air, and some medications.

  • Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder with streptococcus (PANDAS)
  • This condition is usually a complication of strep throat or scarlet fever in young children. Motor tics are common manifestations of the condition and it sometimes come in the form of chronic throat-clearing.
  • However, there are also many cases where excessive throat-clearing is done as a habit. Some folks usually do it subconsciously when they’re stressed or anxious.
  • How to Stop Clearing Your Throat Excessively
  • If you’re starting to get conscious with your habit of frequent throat-clearing, you might want to know that there are ways how you can make it stop. Here are a few examples of the best ways to go about it:
  • Treat the underlying condition.
  • By treating the condition that’s causing your excessive throat clearing, your throat won’t have to feel uncomfortable and you won’t feel the need to clear it all the time anymore.
  • Be more conscious about your habit.
  • There are some instances wherein there’s really no underlying cause for you to need to clear your throat so often. So in these cases, make a conscious effort to stop your habit. Catch yourself when you’re trying to move your throat. Be more self-aware and actively fight this rather annoying habit.
  • Drink more fluids.
  • To ease the discomfort on your throat, drinking fluids can be of help.
  • Find an alternative habit.

If you tend to clear your throat too often as a habit, you might want to switch it to something else. Experts recommend the following as alternatives:

  • Swallowing twice
  • Sucking on a sugar-free candy
  • Yawning
  • Coughing

 

 

Since ENT problem is quite different from case to case, it is suggested to consult an ENT Specialist for the appropriate ENT services.

 

 

Source:

HK ENT Specialist Ltd.

Hong Kong based ENT clinic centre

For ENT Services, Audiology & Speech Therapy,

Sleep Disordered Breathing Management,

Hearing Aid Prescription & Medical Cosmetic Services

http://www.hkentspecialist.hk

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